Periodontal disease attacks the supporting tissues that surround the tooth, that is the gum and bone.

Gum disease is common, can be present without the patient knowing and in severe cases, the tooth will become mobile and will be lost. Periodontal disease is the major cause of tooth loss in the adult population.

The early stage of the disease is called gingivitis. As the plaque accumulates around the gum line of the tooth, the bacteria in the plaque begin to attack the gum tissue around the tooth.

Symptoms are red, sore and inflamed gum tissue, that bleeds when brushing and flossing. Gingivitis is easily treated by a skilled scale and clean. The next stage of periodontal disease is called periodontitis whereby the bacteria penetrates deeper into the gum, attacking the supporting ligament and bone that holds the tooth in the jaw.

At this stage, the patient is losing the bone that supports the tooth and if left untreated, the tooth will become mobile and will have to be extracted.

Gum disease will affect most adults at sometime in their lives. The best way to prevent this condition is regular six monthly check-ups and thorough oral hygiene which includes brushing your teeth twice daily and flossing daily.

If you have any symptoms of gum disease please call Fenton Dental for a consultation.