Periodontal disease attacks the supporting tissues that surround the tooth, that is the gum and bone.
Gum disease is common, can be present without the patient knowing and in severe cases, the tooth will become mobile and will be lost. Periodontal disease is the major cause of tooth loss in the adult population.
The early stage of the disease is called gingivitis. As the plaque accumulates around the gum line of the tooth, the bacteria in the plaque begin to attack the gum tissue around the tooth.